TRAUMA

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HOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE DIFFICULTIES RELATED TO A TRAUMA? 

 

Traumatic events, which can be a one time occurrence or over an extended period of time, can impact one's self-concept or the way you adapt to stressors in your life.

 

Some common symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are: 

 

  • intrusive memories about the trauma

  • nightmares

  • flashbacks

  • avoiding any triggers that remind you of the trauma

  • negative emotions related to the trauma

  • feeling "not connected" to friends and family members 

  • irritability

  • problems with sleep 

  • feeling hyperaware of one's surroundings and others 

 

 

 

An individual who has experienced trauma over a extended period of time may also experience additional symptoms such as:

 

  • persistent sadness or depression

  • explosive anger

  • forgetting parts of the trauma

  • feeling detached from one's body

  • may feel helpless, shame, guilt

  • feeling overwhelmed when thinking about the trauma

  • using alcohol and/or substances to "numb out" feelings and thoughts about the trauma

  • engaging in self-harm behaviors

 

 

TREATMENT OF TRAUMA 

 

There are two evidence-based treatments for PTSD, which are Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) and Prolonged Exposure (PE). Both treatments are relatively short-term (12 to 16 sessions) and highly efficacious. As well, both treatments also incorporate skills on addressing interpersonal/relationship difficulties that are related to a trauma response.  

870 Market Street, Suite 377

San Francisco, CA 94102

P: 650.323.5800

E: drjennifernam@gmail.com

©2019 by Jennifer Nam, PhD

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